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Lead Molecule Prediction and Characterization for Designing MERS-CoV 3C-like Protease Inhibitors: An In silico Approach

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Md. Mostafijur Rahman, Md. Bayejid Hosen, M. Zakir Hossain Howlader and Yearul Kabir*   Pages 82 - 88 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: 3C-like protease also called the main protease is an essential enzyme for the completion of the life cycle of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus. In our study we predicted compounds which are capable of inhibiting 3C-like protease, and thus inhibit the lifecycle of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus using in silico methods.

Methods: Lead like compounds and drug molecules which are capable of inhibiting 3C-like protease was identified by structure-based virtual screening and ligand-based virtual screening method. Further, the compounds were validated through absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion filtering.

Results: Based on binding energy, ADME properties, and toxicology analysis, we finally selected 3 compounds from structure-based virtual screening (ZINC ID: 75121653, 41131653, and 67266079) having binding energy -7.12, -7.1 and -7.08 Kcal/mol, respectively and 5 compounds from ligandbased virtual screening (ZINC ID: 05576502, 47654332, 04829153, 86434515 and 25626324) having binding energy -49.8, -54.9, -65.6, -61.1 and -66.7 Kcal/mol respectively. All these compounds have good ADME profile and reduced toxicity. Among eight compounds, one is soluble in water and remaining 7 compounds are highly soluble in water. All compounds have bioavailability 0.55 on the scale of 0 to 1. Among the 5 compounds from structure-based virtual screening, 2 compounds showed leadlikeness. All the compounds showed no inhibition of cytochrome P450 enzymes, no blood-brain barrier permeability and no toxic structure in medicinal chemistry profile. All the compounds are not a substrate of P-glycoprotein.

Conclusion: Our predicted compounds may be capable of inhibiting 3C-like protease but need some further validation in wet lab.

Keywords:

3C-like protease, MERS-CoV, structure-based virtual screening, ligand-based virtual screening, molecular docking, ADME.

Affiliation:

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000

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