Paria Ghaemian and Ali Shayanfar* Pages 212 - 224 ( 13 )
Background: Permeability glycoprotein (P-gp) is one of the cell membrane proteins that can push some drugs out of the cell causing drug tolerance and its inhibition can prevent drug resistance.
Objective: In this study, we used image-based Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) models to predict the P-gp inhibitory activity of epigallocatechin and gallocatechin derivatives.
Methods: The 2D-chemical structures and their P-gp inhibitory activity were taken from literature. The pixels of images and their Principal Components (PCs) were calculated using MATLAB software. Principle Component Regression (PCR), Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) approaches were used to develop QSAR models. Statistical parameters included the leave one out cross-validated correlation coefficient (q2) for internal validation of the models and R2 of test set, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Concordance Correlation Coefficient (CCC) were applied for external validation.
Results: Six PCs from image analysis method were selected by stepwise regression for developing linear and non-linear models. Non-linear models i.e. ANN (with the R2 of 0.80 for test set) were chosen as the best for the established QSAR models.
Conclusion: According to the result of the external validation, ANN model based on image analysis method can predict the P-gp inhibitory activity of epigallocatechin and gallocatechin derivatives better than the PCR and SVM models.
Image analysis, QSAR, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), PCR, SVM, epigallocatechin.
Biotechnology Research Center and Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Pharmaceutical Analysis Research Center and Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz