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3D-QSAR and Molecular Docking Studies on Oxadiazole Substituted Benzimidazole Derivatives: Validation of Experimental Inhibitory Potencies Towards COX-2

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Vivek Asati, Piyush Ghode, Shalini Bajaj, Sanmati K. Jain and Sanjay K. Bharti*   Pages 277 - 293 ( 17 )

Abstract:


Background: In past few decades, computational chemistry has seen significant advancements in design and development of novel therapeutics. Benzimidazole derivatives showed promising anti-inflammatory activity through the inhibition of COX-2 enzyme.

Objective: The structural features necessary for COX-2 inhibitory activity for a series of oxadiazole substituted benzimidazoles were explored through 3D-QSAR, combinatorial library generation (Combi Lab) and molecular docking.

Methods: 3D-QSAR (using kNN-MFA (SW-FB) and PLSR (GA) methods) and Combi Lab studies were performed by using VLife MDS Molecular Design Suite. The molecular docking study was performed by using AutoDockVina.

Results: Significant QSAR models generated by PLSR exhibited r2 = 0.79, q2 = 0.68 and pred_r2 = 0. 84 values whereas kNN showed q2 = 0.71 and pred_r2 = 0.84. External validation of developed models by various parameters assures their reliability and predictive efficacy. A library of 72 compounds was generated by combinatorial technique in which 11 compounds (A1-A5 and B1-B6) showed better predicted biological activity than the most active compound 27 (pIC50 = 7.22) from the dataset. These compounds showed proximal interaction with amino acid residues like TYR355 and/or ARG120 on COX-2(PDB ID: 4RS0).

Conclusion: The present work resulted in the design of more potent benzimidazoles as COX-2 inhibitors with good interaction as compared to reference ligand. The results of the study may be helpful in the development of novel COX-2 inhibitors for inflammatory disorders.

Keywords:

3D-QSAR, k-nearest neighbor, Lipinski’s rule of five, virtual screening, COX-2, benzimidazole derivatives.

Affiliation:

Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Bilaspur, 495009, Chhattisgarh, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Bilaspur, 495009, Chhattisgarh, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Bilaspur, 495009, Chhattisgarh, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Bilaspur, 495009, Chhattisgarh, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University), Bilaspur, 495009, Chhattisgarh

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