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New Insights into the Binding Mechanism of Co-regulator BUD31 to AR AF2 Site: Structural Determination and Analysis of the Mutation Effect

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 1 ]


Tianqing Song and Jiazhong Li*   Pages 45 - 53 ( 9 )


Introduction: Androgen Receptor (AR) plays a pivotal role in the development of male sex and contributes to prostate cancer growth. Different from other nuclear receptors that bind to the co-regulator LxxLL motif in coregulator peptide interaction, the AR Ligand Binding Domain (LBD) prefers to bind to the FxxLF motif. BUD31, a novel co-regulator with FxxLF motif, has been demonstrated to suppress wild-type and mutated AR-mediated prostate cancer growth.

Methods: To find out the interaction mechanisms of BUD31 with WT/T877A/W741L AR complex, molecular dynamics simulations were employed to study the complex BUD31 and WT/mutant ARs. The molecular mechanics Poisson-Boltzmann surface area (MM-PBSA) results demonstrated that T877A and W741L point mutations can reduce the binding affinity between BUD31 and AR. The RMSF and dynamic cross-correlation analysis indicated that amino acid point mutations can affect the motions of loop residues in the AR structure.

Results: These results indicated that AR co-regulator binding site AF2 can serve as a target for drug discovery to solve the resistance problem.


BUD31; Androgen receptor, AF2 binding site, interaction mechanism, molecular dynamics, co-regulator.


School of Pharmacy, Lanzhou University, 199 West Donggang Rd., 730000 Lanzhou, School of Pharmacy, Lanzhou University, 199 West Donggang Rd., 730000 Lanzhou

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