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Synthesis and In Silico Molecular Docking Studies on Substituted Piperic Acid Derivatives as Inhibitors of Bacterial DNA Gyrase

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Bhawna Chopra*, Ashwani K. Dhingra, Deo N. Prasad, Sakshi Bhardwaj and Sonal Dubey   Pages 281 - 294 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Background: Piperine or piperic acid was isolated from fruits of Piper nigrum and had been reported as pharmacological valuable bioactive constituents. Keeping in view, a series of piperic acid-based N heterocyclic’s derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for antibacterial activity. All these prepared ligands were docked to study the molecular interactions and binding affinities against the protein PDB ID: 5 CDP.

Objective: To meet the real need of newer antibacterials, we designed and synthesized scaffolds with good antibacterial activity. The obtained antibacterials have been validated in terms of ligand-protein interaction and thus prove to build up as good drug candidates.

Methods: Antibacterial activity of the compounds were carried out against bacterial strains; three Grampositive and three Gram-negative bacterial strains using agar well diffusion method. In silico molecular docking studies were carried out using Glide (grid-based ligand docking) program incorporated in the Schrödinger molecular modeling package by Maestro 11.0.

Results: Compounds BC 28, BC 32, and BC 33 exhibits antibacterial activity along with Glide docking score of -8.580, -9.753 kcal/mol, and -8.813 kcal/mol, respectively. Docking studies explained hydrogen bonding, pi-pi, and hydrophobic interactions with amino acid residues which explain the binding affinity of the most docked ligand with protein.

Conclusion: In the present study, substituted piperic acid was synthesized and evaluated as antibacterial compared with standard drug ciprofloxacin and results interpret that having nitrogen as heteroatom in the heterocyclic nucleus found to be more potent than the standard drug ciprofloxacin. On comparing, substitution with electron-donating groups generates excellent antibacterial potential against the bacterial strains. It was also proved that having substitution with electron-donating groups on meta and para position with triazoline ring system exhibits greater potential while compounds which have a meta- electron-donating substituent showed lesser activity with thiazole nucleus. In addition, structure-based activities of the prepared analogs were discussed under Structure-Activity Relationship (SAR) section.

Keywords:

Piperine, piperic acid, antibacterial, triazolines, analogues, docking, 5- CDP.

Affiliation:

Guru Gobind Singh College of Pharmacy, Yamuna Nagar-135001, Haryana, Guru Gobind Singh College of Pharmacy, Yamuna Nagar-135001, Haryana, Shivalik College of Pharmacy, Nangal-140124, Punjab, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Krupanidhi College of Pharmacy, Chikkabellandur, Bangalore-560035, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Krupanidhi College of Pharmacy, Chikkabellandur, Bangalore-560035

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