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Molecular Docking Based Analysis to Elucidate the DNA Topoisomerase IIβ as the Potential Target for the Ganoderic Acid; A Natural Therapeutic Agent in Cancer Therapy

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Kaushal K. Sharma, Brijendra Singh, Somdutt Mujwar and Prakash S. Bisen*   Pages 176 - 189 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Introduction: Intermediate covalent complex of DNA-Topoisomerase II enzyme is the most promising target of the anticancer drugs to induce apoptosis in cancer cells. Currently, anticancer drug and chemotherapy are facing major challenges i.e., drug resistance, chemical instability and, dose-limiting side effect. Therefore, in this study, natural therapeutic agents (series of Ganoderic acids) were used for the molecular docking simulation against Human DNATopoisomerase II beta complex (PDB ID:3QX3).

Methods: Molecular docking studies were performed on a 50 series of ganoderic acids reported in the NCBI-PubChem database and FDA approved anti-cancer drugs, to find out binding energy, an interacting residue at the active site of Human DNA-Topoisomerase II beta and compare with the molecular arrangements of the interacting residue of etoposide with the Human DNA topoisomerase II beta. The autodock 4.2 was used for the molecular docking and pharmacokinetic and toxicity studies were performed for the analysis of physicochemical properties and to check the toxicity effects. Discovery studio software was used for the visualization and analysis of docked pose.

Results and Conclusion: Ganoderic acids (GS-1, A and DM) were found to be a more suitable competitor inhibitor among the ganoderic acid series with appropriate binding energy, pharmacokinetic profile and no toxicity effects. The interacting residue (Met782, DC-8, DC-11 and DA-12) shared a chemical resemblance with the interacting residue of etoposide present at the active site of human topoisomerase II beta receptor.

Keywords:

Molecular docking, human topoisomerase II β, ganoderic acids, Autodock 4.2, anti-cancer property, natural therapeutic agents.

Affiliation:

Bioinformatics Infrastructure Facility DBT (Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Central Instrumentation Facility), Jiwaji University Gwalior (M.P) 474001, School of Studies in Neuroscience, Jiwaji University, Gwalior (M.P), 474001, Institute of Pharmaceutical Research, GLA University, Mathura (U.P) -281004, School of Studies in Biotechnology, Jiwaji University, Gwalior (M.P), 474001

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